“My System Speed is very slow, so I am going to buy a new one” you might have of probably heard this, it could have been your own words too. If something doesn’t work as expected instead of fixing it we just change them or get a new one.

Though everyone doesn’t have the expertise to fix things and buy new hardware, we can still put some effort which will not only save our hard earned money but will also teach you how to do things.

Please note that the below mentioned techniques are targeted to windows operating system users but some of them should be applicable to other operating system too.

1) Find duplicate files in your drive and clean them up

Having multiple copies of the same file in different drives or even folders not only eats up your system space but is also difficult to maintain. You can try using free tools like Clone Spy or Easy Duplicate File Finder to identify duplicate files and remove them.

2) Clear Temp Folder, Event Logs and Recycle Bin

Type %tmp% in run window which will launch the Temporary files folder, all the files that you see in this folder are temporary files created when you access your software and other applications. Delete them all which will free up some space.

Event Viewer helps to record events at application, security and system level and is placed under Windows Logs. Clearing these log files can help you reclaim some free space. Type eventvwr in your run window and hit enter which will launch the Event Viewer, now right click on each log category and hit clear log as shown below.

Clear Logs in Event Viewer

If you are a person who just hits “Delete” button then this tip is for you. All those files that you deleted are not actually removed from your disk yet instead they are just moved to Recycle Bin. So make sure you empty them too.

3) Uninstall Unwanted Programs

Remember the last time you installed a trail version of some cool software and totally forgot it? Well it’s just lying there dead in your system and its time to bury those programs. Find those software’s that you haven’t used for a long time and uninstall them which can save you lot of space.

4) Clear your Registry

Even though you might have cleaned up the unused programs by uninstalling them from your system the respective registry entries could be still lying around in your registry.

Clean your registry

Warning! Do not try to delete the entries from your system registry manually as it is not recommended. Use a tool like CCleaner and clean up the orphan registry entries.

5) Defragmentation

Defragmentation helps to arrange your files in proper order so that they could be accessed faster when required. Defragmentation process is similar to arranging books in your shelf in proper order so that you can easily find your book when in need.

Disk Defragmentation

You should note that defragmentation doesn’t boost your computer speed drastically but it does attribute a little. You can use the disk defragmentation tool that is available in windows. Where to find the tool? Right click on any one your Drives (C, D, E etc.) and click Properties and click on Tools Tab. Under Defragmentation Section you will find the Defragment Now… button, refer the above screenshot.

6) Choose Lightweight Softwares and Applications

You can always choose lightweight softwares and applications that use less memory and disk space for your activities. I normally prefer 7zip over WinZip/WinRAR. The installation space required for 7zip is less than 5 MB whereas WinZip requires 16MB. Some of the browsers love your resources and eat them up. Want to check out some new browsers? Feel free to have a look at my post- Its Time to Change Your Browser

Before installing a software check if it has a portable version. A Portable Software will not create any entries in your system registry and uninstalling it is simple, all you have to do is just delete the files from your folder.

7) Fine Tune your Startup

When you start your computer there are some programs which are also started, these programs can take up a lot of time and most of them are not required at all. You can turn off those programs which are not required by launching the System Configuration window.

Start up Programs List

You can do it by typing msconfig in the Run window. Now under StartUp Tab the list of startup programs will be displayed for you, uncheck those you don’t want to be started when your system starts.

8) Turn off windows services that not required for the day.

There are some tasks which run in the background unnoticed by the user and these are called services. You can find these services by typing services.msc command from the run window.

You can turn off some of the services that you do not use frequently or you don’t require for the day. For example if you are the go green type and don’t use printers then you can safely turn off Print Spooler.

Warning! You cannot turn off all of the services, some of those services play a vital role in the functioning of your system. So please make sure that you are not tripping off the wrong wire. If you don’t know what a particular service does its best left untouched.

9) Turn down Visual Effects on your system

Visual Effects are visual treats to user’s eyes but that’s not the primary purpose of using a system. You can turn off some of the visual effects which can improve your system speed significantly.

Turn off animations

Right Click on MyComputer -> Properties -> Advanced system settings, this will launch System Properties Dialog. Click on Advanced Tab, in Performance section click on Settings.

Performance Options window will be launched in that choose Adjust for best performance option(refer the above screenshot). This will reduce your graphical experience but will improve your system speed. For example one of the visual effect “Show window contents while dragging” when enabled, repaints the window you move across your desktop and affects your CPU usage. Try playing around with this option with your Windows Task Manager-> Performance Tab open and notice the spike in your CPU usage.

10) Stop Search Indexing

when you do a search on your computer, indexing helps you to fetch your files faster. Windows has to scan through all your files and folders to create an index which can very well affect your system performance, so you can see some improvement by turning off this option.

There are different ways to turn off this indexing, one of the easy way is to right click on the drives in your computer and click Properties. In General Tab uncheck “Allow files in this drive to have contents indexed in addition to file properties” option.

Uncheck Search Indexing

Confirm attribute changes to all sub folders and files in the drive as shown in the below screenshot.

Windows Search Indexing

Now get yourself a cup of coffee, sit back and relax while the system completes its operations.

11) Turn Off Hibernate Feature

Though this doesn’t have to do much with your system performance, this could reduce some space in your C Drive. If you don’t use the hibernate feature you can simply turn it off. For example, my C drive was 47.2 GB and once I turned the hibernate feature off the free space I had was 50.2 GB, 3 GB saved.

My C drive before:

C drive before turning off hibernation

My C drive after:

C drive after turning off hibernation

Check your C:\ drive space first and then to turn off the hibernate feature, open your command prompt window and type the below command.

powercfg -h off

Now check your C drive space to see that some free space has been increased.

The above steps cannot add massive speed to your system but you will definitely see  some change.

You still think that none of these helped you out? Don’t worry i will never ask you to buy a new hardware, why don’t you try Ubuntu for Change? Need help ? Start with my Top 3 Options to Install and Try Ubuntu post and let me know how it went.